«Graphic illustration of granular time-stretching» by jamshark70

on 26 Apr'15 03:39 in granularsynthesis techniquespedagogy

Graphically represents a small set of granular windows, with variable offset. Move the "ratio" slider, and you can see and hear time stretching.

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(
var tick = 4,
grainSamps = 100,
grainHeight = 50,
grainIOI = 50,  // samples between grain onsets
grainStep = 50,  // step size between source windows
linkI = 0;

var p = Platform.resourceDir +/+ "sounds/a11wlk01.wav", f, u, w, ratioSl, d, indexSl;
var viewWidth = 500;
var buf, synth;

f = SoundFile.openRead(p);
f.seek(86965);
f.readData(d = Signal.newClear((f.sampleRate * 0.333).roundUp));
f.close;

w = Window("granular windows", Rect(800, 200, viewWidth + 4, 450));

u = UserView(w, Rect(2, 2, viewWidth, 400)).front;
u.background = Color.gray(0.1);

indexSl = EZSlider(w, Rect(2, u.bounds.bottom + 2, viewWidth, 20),
	"Grain index",
	[0, 7, \lin, 1, 0],
	{ |view|
		if(view.value != linkI) {
			linkI = view.value;
			u.refresh;
		};
	},
	linkI,
	labelWidth: 120
);

ratioSl = EZSlider(w, Rect(2, indexSl.bounds.bottom + 2, viewWidth, 20),
	"Step ratio",
	[0.25, 2, \exp],
	{ |view|
		grainStep = grainIOI * view.value;
		synth.set(\stepRatio, view.value);
		u.refresh;
	},
	1,
	labelWidth: 120
);

d = d.resamp1(viewWidth);
d = d / (d.maxValue(_.abs));

f = { |view|
	var grainStart = 0,
	grainX = 0,
	grainY = 0,
	grainCt = 0;

	var bounds = view.bounds.moveTo(0, 0),
	width = bounds.width,
	height = bounds.height,
	waveTop = height * 0.25,
	waveMid = 0.5 * (waveTop + height),
	mapY = { |x, y| Point(x, y.linlin(-1, 1, height-1, waveTop)) };

	var fg = Color.gray(0.8),
	scoreColor = Color(1, 1, 0.4, 0.5);

	var oneGrain = { |start = 0, samps = 100, plotX = 0, plotY = 0, height = 50, drawLink = false|
		var data = d[start.asInteger .. (start + samps - 1).asInteger],
		env = Env.sine(1).discretize(samps),
		top = plotY+height,
		mapY = { |x, y| Point(plotX + x, y.linlin(-1, 1, top, plotY)) };

		// envelope
		Pen.color_(fg)
		.moveTo(mapY.(0, 0));
		(1 .. samps-1).do { |i|
			Pen.lineTo(mapY.(i, env[i]));
		};
		// signal
		Pen.moveTo(mapY.(0, 0));
		(1 .. samps-1).do { |i|
			Pen.lineTo(mapY.(i, data[i] * env[i]));
		};
		Pen.stroke;
		if(drawLink) {
			Pen.color_(scoreColor)
			.moveTo(mapY.(0, 0))
			.lineTo(Point(start, waveMid))
			.moveTo(mapY.(samps-1, 0))
			.lineTo(Point(start + samps, waveMid))
			.stroke;
		};
	};

	Pen.color_(fg)
	.moveTo(Point(tick, waveTop))
	.lineTo(Point(0, waveTop))
	.lineTo(Point(0, height-1))
	.lineTo(Point(tick, height-1))
	.moveTo(Point(0, waveMid))
	.lineTo(Point(width-1, waveMid))
	.moveTo(Point(width-1, waveMid - (0.75 * tick)))
	.lineTo(Point(width-1, waveMid + (0.75 * tick)))
	.stroke;

	Pen.moveTo(mapY.(0, d[0]));
	(1 .. d.size - 1).do { |i|
		Pen.lineTo(mapY.(i, d[i]));
	};
	Pen.stroke;

	while { grainStart + grainSamps < width and: {
		grainX + grainSamps < width
	} } {
		oneGrain.(grainStart, grainSamps, grainX, grainY, grainHeight, grainCt == linkI);
		grainStart = grainStart + grainStep;
		grainX = grainX + grainIOI;
		grainY = grainHeight - grainY;
		grainCt = grainCt + 1;
	};
};
u.drawFunc = { |view| f.value(view) };
u.refresh;

w.front;
w.onClose = {
	synth.free;
	buf.free;
};

s.waitForBoot {
	buf = Buffer.read(s, p, 86965, (44100 * 0.333).roundUp);
	SynthDef(\grains, { |out = 0, bufnum, retrigFreq = 0.8, trigFreq = 20, stepRatio = 1|
		var phase = Sweep.ar(Impulse.ar(retrigFreq), stepRatio),
		grainHalfDur = trigFreq.reciprocal,
		grainDur = grainHalfDur * 2,
		trig = Impulse.ar(trigFreq) * (phase + grainDur < BufDur.kr(bufnum)),
		sig = TGrains.ar(2, trig, bufnum, 1, phase + grainHalfDur, grainDur);
		Out.ar(out, sig);
	}).add;
	s.sync;
	synth = Synth(\grains, [bufnum: buf]);
};
)
raw 3630 chars (focus & ctrl+a+c to copy)
comments
alln4tural user 08 May'15 04:05

pretty! another reminder of how much more there is to explore with sc. the grain index slider has no effect on the sound, is that intentional? (i'm on windows, 3.6. atm, so maybe that's reason, but i don't see in the code or synth args where it might ..)